Curriculum Vitae

 

Dr. G.D. Janaki Ram

Associate Professor

Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

Indian Institute of Technology Madras

Chennai - 600036, India

Phone: +91-44-22574780; +91-9840597364

Email: jram@iitm.ac.in

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Education

 

·      Ph.D., Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, IIT Madras, Chennai, 2005

·      M.Tech., Metallurgical Engineering, IIT Madras, Chennai, 1998

·      AMIIM, Indian Institute of Metals, Kolkata, 1995

·      Diploma in Metallurgical Engineering, Govt. Polytechnic, Vijayawada, 1993

 

Employment

 

·      July 2013 – Present: Associate Professor, Dept. of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, IIT Madras, Chennai. 

·      June 2008 – June 2013: Assistant Professor, Dept. of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, IIT Madras, Chennai. 

·      Sept. 1998 – July 2005: Scientist, Regional Centre for Military Airworthiness (Materials), Defence Research and Development Organization, Hyderabad.  

·      Feb. 1998 – Sept. 1998: Senior Project Officer Gr. II, Dept. of Metallurgical Eng., Indian Institute of Technology Madras, Chennai.

·      Dec. 1993 – Oct. 1995: Asst. Shift Metallurgist, Nava Bharat Ferro Alloys Limited, Paloncha.  

 

Visiting Assignments

 

·      Aug. 2015 – March 2016 (on sabbatical): Visiting Professor, Dept. of Industrial Engineering, University of Louisville, Kentucky, USA.

·      July 2005 – May 2008: Post-Doctoral Researcher/Adjunct Assistant Professor, Dept. of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Utah State University, USA.

 

Research Interests

 

·      Welding, Additive Manufacturing

 

Teaching

 

·      Metal Joining Technology (MM3060)

·      Additive Manufacturing (MM5250)

·      Welding Metallurgy (MM5740)

·      Advanced Topics in Metal Joining (MM5760)

·      Welding Processes (MM5012)

·      Welding Application Technology (MM5750)

·      Joining and NDT Laboratory (MM3012)

·      Welding Laboratory (MM5770)

Sponsored Research Projects

 

Ongoing

 

1.         Principal Investigator, Adhesive bonding of automotive materials (MET/12-13/128/TDBX/GDJA) (consortium project with ARCI, Hyderabad), DST-TDB, Rs. 168 Lakhs, October 2012 – March 2017.

2.         Principal Investigator, Weld repair of XH43 and XH67 superalloy castings (MET-16-17/169/ISRO/GDJA), ISRO, Rs. 27.68 Lakhs, July 2016 – June 2018.

 

Completed

 

1.         , Friction stir spot welding of aluminum alloy 2014 (MET/08-09/125/ISRO/GDJA), ISRO, Rs. 15.46 Lakhs, March 2009 – August 2011.

2.         Principal Investigator, Aluminum structures for deep-sea mining crawlers (RB/10-11/MET/001/NIOT/GDJA), NIOT, Rs. 33.56 Lakhs, April 2010 – June 2012.

3.         Principal Investigator, Studies on creep behavior of P91 and P92 steel welds (RB/11-12/MET/004/BHEL/GDJA), BHEL, Rs. 20.92 Lakhs, September 2011 – December 2012.

4.         Principal Investigator, Joining of stainless steel pipes to titanium pipes (MET/09-10/107/IGCA/GDJA), IGCAR, Rs. 21.45 Lakhs, September 2009 – September 2013.

5.         Principal Investigator, A new route to manufacture titanium matrix composites – Diffusion bonding of ultrasonically welded monotapes (MET/09-10/108/NRBX/GDJA), NRB, Rs. 34.45 Lakhs, October 2009 – August 2013.

6.         Principal Investigator, Enhancing ballistic performance of armor welds using carbide-free bainite fillers (MET/09-10/113/DRDO/GDJA), ARMREB, Rs. 9.48 Lakhs, April 2010. 

7.         Co-Investigator, Cutting and machining of borated stainless steels (MET/10-11/115/BRFS/KPRA), BRFST, Rs. 60 Lakhs, April 2010 – February 2012.

8.         Co-Investigator, Studies on friction surfaced stellite coatings (RB/11-12/MET/002/BHEL/KPRA), BHEL, Rs. 19.85 Lakhs, August 2011 – August 2012.

9.         Principal Investigator, Use of friction surfacing for surface protection and repair of defects (MET/11-12/120/NRBX/KPRA), NRB, Rs. 49.52 Lakhs, June 2011 – July 2014.

10.     Co-Investigator, Use of cold metal transfer MIG welding process for surfacing applications (MET/11-12/124/NRBX/MKAM), NRB, Rs. 34.56 Lakhs, June 2012 – May 2014.

11.     Co-Investigator, Development of high strength and ductile aluminum alloy composites using friction stir processing (MET/11-12/121/NRBX/RANJ), NRB, Rs. 27.26 Lakhs, September 2011 – August 2014.

12.     Co-Investigator, Development of joining techniques for bi-metallic adaptors (MEE/12-13/142/ISRO/SUSH), ISRO, Rs. 25.03 Lakhs, March 2013 – May 2016.

 

 

Industrial Consultancy Projects (Completed)

 

1.        Principal Investigator, Bainite transformation kinetics of bearing steels, National Engineering Industries Ltd., Jaipur, Feb. 2017.

2.Co-investigator, Investigation of aluminium press ring failures, Grid Solutions (GE-Alstom), Mar. 2016. 

3.Co-investigator, Characterization of advanced steels & their weldments, JSW Limited, May 2015.

4.Co-investigator, Investigation of UT indications in ERW pipes, Welspun Corp. Ltd., Versamedi, Mar. 2012.

5.Co-investigator, Analysis of a hydro test pipe failure, Welspun Corp. Ltd., Versamedi, Feb. 2012.

6.Principal Investigator, Failure analysis of evaporator core assemblies, Visteon Automotive Systems, Chennai, Aug. 2011.

7.Principal Investigator, Failure analysis of sour gas compressor (204K03B) suction and discharge volume bottle components, Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited, Apr. 2011.

8.Principal Investigator, Analysis of solenoid failures, Comstar Automotive Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Chennai, Mar. 2011.

9.Principal Investigator, Failure analysis of RTB assembly, Caparo Engnieering India Ltd., Chennai, Aug. 2010.

10.     Principal Investigator, Characterization of submerged arc welding flux, Corewire Surface Technologies Pvt. Ltd., Chennai, Aug. 2010.

11.     Principal Investigator, Failure analysis of exhaust mufflers, Sharda Sejong Auto Components (India) Ltd., Chennai, Jul. 2010.

12.     Principal Investigator, Microstructural analysis of duplex stainless steel weld overlay coatings, Galfar Engineering, Muscat, Jun. 2010.

13.     Principal Investigator, Failure analysis of crude tank 20-D-105 bottom plate, Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited, Apr. 2010.

14.     Principal Investigator, Through-thickness tensile testing of steel plates, Steel Authority of India Limited, Ranchi, Mar. 2010.

15.     Principal Investigator, Soldering of aluminum to copper wires, V-Guard Industries, Cochin, Feb. 2010.

16.     Principal Investigator, Failure analysis of 5Cr-0.5Mo elbow to flange weld (13-C-03 Reactor Inlet Spool), Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited, Aug. 2009.

17.     Principal Investigator, Failure analysis of stainless steel cooking vessels, Shilpa Stainless, Chennai, Jun. 2009.

 

Patents

 

1.        Laser Based Metal Deposition (LBMD) of Implant Structures, D.F. Justin, B.E. Stucker, T.W. Fallin, G.D. Janaki Ram, U.S. Patent 7,666,522, Feb. 23, 2010.

2.        Laser Based Metal Deposition (LBMD) of Antimicrobials to Implant Surfaces, D.F. Justin, B.E. Stucker, G.D. Janaki Ram, D.W. Britt, U.S. Patent 7,951,412, May 31, 2011.  

3.        Surface Roughness Reduction for Improving Bonding in Ultrasonic Consolidation Rapid Manufacturing, B.E. Stucker and G.D. Janaki Ram, US20070295440 A1, published Dec. 2007, patent pending.

 

Publications

 

Refereed Journals

 

1.      S. Sundaresan and G.D. Janaki Ram, Use of magnetic arc oscillation for grain refinement of gas tungsten arc welds in a-b titanium alloys, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 4, 1999, 151-160.

2.      S. Sundaresan, G.D. Janaki Ram, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Microstructural refinement of weld fusion zones in a-b titanium alloys using pulsed current welding,  Materials Science and Engineering A, A262, 1999, 88-100.

3.      G.D. Janaki Ram, R. Murugesan, and S. Sundaresan, Fusion zone grain refinement in aluminium alloy welds through magnetic arc oscillation and its effect on tensile behavior, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 8 (5), 1999, 513-520.

4.      G.D. Janaki Ram, T.K. Mitra, M.K. Raju, and S. Sundaresan, Use of inoculants to refine weld solidification structure and improve weldability in type 2090 Al-Li alloy, Materials Science and Engineering A, A276, 2000, 48-57.

5.      S. Sundaresan, G.D. Janaki Ram, R. Murugesan, and N. Viswanathan, Combined effect of inoculation and magnetic arc oscillation on microstructure and tensile behaviour of type 2090 Al-Li alloy weld fusion zones, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 5 (4), 2000, 257-264.

6.      G.D. Janaki Ram, G.M. Reddy, and S. Sundaresan, Effect of pulsed welding current on the solidification structures in Al-Li-Cu and Al-Zn-Mg alloy welds, Practical Metallography, 37 (5), 2000, 276-288.

7.      G.D. Janaki Ram, T.K. Mitra, V. Shankar, and S. Sundaresan, Microstructural refinement through inoculation of 7020 Al-Zn-Mg alloy welds and its effect on hot cracking and tensile properties, Journal of Material Processing Technology, 142, 2003, 174-181.

8.      G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Control of Laves phase in Inconel 718 GTA welds with current pulsing, Science and Technology of Welding and Joining, 9 (5), 2004, 390-398.

9.      G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Improvement in stress rupture properties of Inconel 718 GTA welds using current pulsing, Journal of Materials Science, 40 (6), 2005, 1497-1500.

10.  G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, and J.K.S. Sundar, Microstructure and tensile properties of Inconel 718 pulsed Nd-YAG laser welds, Journal of Material Processing Technology, 167 (1), 2005, 73-82.

11.  G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Microstructural characterization of Inconel 718 gas tungsten arc welds, Practical Metallography, 42 (10), 2005, 481-498.

12.  G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Microstructure and mechanical properties of Inconel 718 electron beam welds, Materials Science and Technology, 21 (10), 2005, 1132-1138.

13.  G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, High temperature mechanical properties of Inconel 718 pulsed Nd-YAG laser welds, Materials at High Temperatures, 23 (1), 2006, 29-37.

14.  G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, and A. Sambasiva Rao, Effect of magnetic arc oscillation on microstructure and properties of Inconel 718 GTA welds, Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, 59 (1), 2006, 87-95.

15.  G.D. Janaki Ram, Y. Yang, and B.E. Stucker, Effect of process parameters on bond formation during ultrasonic consolidation of aluminum alloy 3003, Journal of Manufacturing Systems, 25 (3), 2006, 221-238.

16.  B. Vamsi Krishna and G.D. Janaki Ram, Tailoring the precipitation in Al alloys through local plastic deformation, Materials & Design, 28, 2007, 2239-2243.

17.  G.D. Janaki Ram, C. Robinson, Y. Yang, and B.E. Stucker, Use of ultrasonic consolidation for fabrication of multi-material structures, Rapid Prototyping Journal, 13 (4), 2007, 226-235.

18.  Y. Yang, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, An experimental determination of optimum process parameters for fabrication of fiber reinforced aluminum matrix composites using ultrasonic consolidation, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology – Transactions of the ASME, 129, 2007, 538-549.

19.  V. Gopala Krishna, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ch.V.S. Murty, M. Srinivas, and A. Venugopal Reddy, Metallurgical investigation of defects in superalloy 718 mill forms intended for aerongine applications, Practical Metallography, 45 (10), 2008, 495-504.  

20.  G.D. Janaki Ram, C.K. Esplin, and B.E. Stucker, Microstructure and wear properties of LENS deposited medical grade CoCrMo, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine, 9 (5), 2008, 2105-2111.

21.  B.L. Adams, C. Nylander, B. Aydelotte, S. Ahmadi, C. Landon, B.E. Stucker, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Accessing the elastic-plastic properties closure by rotation and lamination, Acta Materialia, 56 (1), 2008, 128-139.

22.  G.D. Janaki Ram and B.E. Stucker, A feasibility study of LENS deposition of CoCrMo coatings on titanium implant structures, Trans. ASME: Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 130 (2), 2008, 024503-1 to 024503-5. 

23.  K. Prasad Rao, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, Improvement in corrosion resistance of friction stir welded aluminum alloys with micro arc oxidation coatings, Scripta Materialia, 58 (11), 2008, 998-1001.

24.  S. Salmon, M. Swank, G.D. Janaki Ram, B.E. Stucker, and J.A. Palmer, Effectiveness of epoxy staking of fasteners in aerospace applications, Assembly Automation, 29 (4), 2009, 341-347. 

25.  Y. Yang, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, Bond formation and fiber embedment during ultrasonic consolidation, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 209 (10), 2009, 4915-4924.

26.  J. Obelodan, G.D. Janaki Ram, B.E. Stucker, and D. Taggart, Minimizing defects between adjacent foils in ultrasonically consolidated parts, Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, 132 (1), 2010, 1-8.

27.  Y. Yang, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, An analytical energy model for metal foil deposition in ultrasonic consolidation, Rapid Prototyping Journal, 16 (1), 2010, 20-28.

28.  Y. Yang, B.E. Stucker, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Mechanical properties and microstructures of SiC fiber-reinforced metal matrix composites made using ultrasonic consolidation, Journal of Composite Materials, 44 (26), 2010, 3179-3194.

29.  J.J.S. Dilip, M. Koilraj, V. Sundareswaran, G.D. Janaki Ram, and S.R.K. Rao, Microstructural characterization of dissimilar friction stir welds between AA2219 and AA5083, Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, 63 (4), 2010, 757-764.

30.  K. Prasad Rao, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, Effect of friction stir processing on corrosion resistance of aluminum–copper alloy gas tungsten arc welds, Materials & Design, 31 (3), 2010, 1576-1580.

31.  K.L. Harikrishna, J.J.S. Dilip, K.R. Choudary, V.V.S. Rao, S.R.K. Rao, G.D. Janaki Ram, N. Sridhar, and G.M. Reddy, Friction stir welding of magnesium alloy ZM21, Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, 63 (5), 2010, 807-811.

32.  H.K. Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Friction surfaced tool steel (H13) coatings on low carbon steel: A study on the effects of process parameters on coating characteristics and integrity, Surface and Coatings Technology, 205 (1), 2010, 232-242.

33.  H.K. Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Microstructure and tensile properties of friction welded aluminum alloy AA7075-T6, Materials & Design, 31 (5), 2010, 2375-2380.

34.  H.K. Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Microstructure and properties of friction surfaced stainless steel and tool steel coatings, Materials Science Forum, 638-642, 2010, 864-869.

35.  H.K. Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Microstructural evolution during friction surfacing of tool steel H13, Materials & Design, 32 (1), 2011, 82-87.

36.  R. Puli, E. Nandha Kumar, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Microstructural characterization of friction surfaced martensitic stainless steel AISI 410 coatings, Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, 64 (1-2), 2011, 41-45.

37.  J.J.S. Dilip, H.K. Rafi, and G.D. Janaki Ram, A new additive manufacturing process based on friction deposition, Transactions of The Indian Institute of Metals, 64, 2011, 27-30.

38.  C.J. Robinson, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, Role of substrate stiffness in ultrasonic consolidation,  International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing, 2 (3), 2011, 162-177.

39.  S. Babu, G.D. Janaki Ram, P.V. Venkitakrishnan, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, and K. Prasad Rao, Friction stir lap welding of aluminum alloy AA2014, Journal of Materials Science and Technology, 28 (5), 2012, 414-426.

40.  J.J.S. Dilip, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, Additive manufacturing with friction welding and friction deposition processes, International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing, 3 (1), 2012, 56-69.

41.  R. Puli and G.D. Janaki Ram, Corrosion performance of AISI 316L friction surfaced coatings, Corrosion Science, 62, 2012, 95-103.

42.  K. Prasad Rao, R. Damodaram, H. Khalid Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, and R. Nagalakshmi, Friction surfaced Stellite 6 coatings, Materials Characterization, 70, 2012, 111-116.

43.  R. Puli and G.D. Janaki Ram, Microstructures and properties of friction surfaced coatings in AISI 440C martensitic stainless steel, Surface and Coatings Technology, 207, 2012, 310-318.

44.  R. Puli and G.D. Janaki Ram, Wear and corrosion performance of AISI 410 martensitic stainless steel coatings produced using friction surfacing and manual metal arc welding, Surface and Coatings Technology, 209, 2012, 1-7.

45.  R. Puli and G.D. Janaki Ram, Dynamic recrystallization in friction surfaced austenitic stainless steel coatings, Materials Characterization, 74, 2012, 49-54.

46.  K. Prasad Rao, Arun Sankar, H. Khalid Rafi, G. D. Janaki Ram, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Friction surfacing on nonferrous substrates: a feasibility study, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 65 (5-8), 2013, 755-762.

47.  S. Babu, V.S. Sankar, G.D. Janaki Ram, P.V. Venkitakrishnan, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, and K. Prasad Rao, Microstructures and mechanical properties of friction stir spot welded aluminum alloy AA2014, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 22 (1), 2013, 71-84.

48.  J.J.S. Dilip, S. Babu, S. Varadha Rajan, K.H. Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, Use of friction surfacing for additive manufacturing, Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 28, 2013, 1-6.

49.  J.J.S. Dilip and G.D. Janaki Ram, Microstructures and properties of friction freeform fabricated borated stainless steel, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 22, 2013, 3034-3042.

50.  Vamsi Krishna Balla, Mitun Das, Sreyashree Bose, G.D. Janaki Ram, and Indranil Manna, Laser surface modification of 316 L stainless steel with bioactive hydroxyapatite, Materials Science and Engineering C, 33, 2013, 4594-4598.

51.  J.J.S. Dilip and G.D. Janaki Ram, Microstructure evolution in aluminum alloy AA 2014 during multi-layer friction deposition, Materials Characterization, 86, 2013, 146-151.

52.  J.J.S. Dilip and G.D. Janaki Ram, Friction freeform fabrication of superalloy Inconel 718 – Prospects and problems, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 45, 2014, 182-192.

53.  N. Krishna Murthy, G.D. Janaki Ram, B.S. Murty, G.M. Reddy, and T.J.P. Rao, Carbide-free bainitic weld metal: A new concept in welding of armor steels, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 45 (6), 2014, 2327-2337.

54.  N. Naveen Kumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, S.S. Bhattacharya, H.C. Dey, and S.K. Albert, Spark plasma welding of austenitic stainless steel AISI 304L to commercially pure titanium, Trans. Indian Inst. Met. 68 (Suppl. 2), 2015, S289-S297.

55.  T.N. Prasanthi, C. Sudha, Ravikiran, S. Saroja, N. Naveen Kumar, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Friction welding of mild steel and titanium: Optimization of process parameters and evolution of interface microstructure, Materials and Design, 88, 2015, 58-68.

56.  C.N. Shyam Kumar, Devinder Yadav, Ranjit Bauri, G.D. Janaki Ram, Effects of ball milling and particle size on microstructure and properties of 5083 Al-Ni composites fabricated by friction stir processing, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 645, 2015, 205-212.

57.  Ranjit Bauri, G.D. Janaki Ram, Devinder Yadav, C.N. Shyam Kumar, Effect of process parameters and tool geometry on fabrication of Ni particles reinforced 5083 Al composite by friction stir processing, Materials Today: Proceedings, 2 (4-5), 2015, 3203-3211.

58.  Ranjit Bauri, Devinder Yadav, C.N. Shyam Kumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, Optimized process parameters for fabricating metal particles reinforced 5083 Al composite by friction stir processing. Data in Brief, 2015, 309-313.

59.  P.R. Guru, F. Khan MD, S.K. Panigrahi, G.D. Janaki Ram, Enhancing strength, ductility and machinability of a Al–Si cast alloy by friction stir processing, Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 18,  2015, 67-74.

60.  G. Rajakumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, and S.R. Koteswara Rao, Microstructure and mechanical properties of borated stainless steel GTA and SMA welds, La Metallurgia Italiana, 5, 2015, 47-52.

61.  G. Rajakumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, and S.R. Koteswara Rao, Effect of beam oscillation on borated stainless steel electron beam welds, Materials Testing, 57 (6), 2015, 489-494.

62.  Haijun Gong, Khalid Rafi, Hengfeng Gu, G.D. Janaki Ram, Thomas Starr, Brent Stucker, Influence of defects on mechanical properties of Ti–6Al–4V components produced by selective laser melting and electron beam melting, Materials & Design,  86, 2015, 545-554.

63.  Sumit Meenia, F. Khan MD, S. Babu, R.J. Immanuel, S.K. Panigrahi, G.D. Janaki Ram, Particle refinement and fine-grain formation leading to enhanced mechanical behaviour in a hypo-eutectic Al-Si alloy subjected to multi-pass friction stir processing, Materials Characterization, 113, 2016, 134-143.

64.  Panta Jojibabu, M. Jagannatham, Prathap Haridoss, G.D. Janaki Ram, Abhijit P. Deshpande, Srinivasa Rao Bakshi, Effect of different carbon nano-fillers on rheological properties and lap shear strength of epoxy adhesive joints, Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 82, 2016, 53-64.

65.  Abhishek Mitra, N. Siva Prasad, G.D. Janaki Ram, Estimation of residual stresses in an 800 mm thick steel submerged arc weldment, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 229, 2016, 181-190.

66.  Prasad Rao Kalvala, Javed Akram, Mano Misra, Damodaram Ramachandran, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Low temperature friction stir welding of P91 steel, Defence Technology, 12(4), 2016, 285-289.

67.  Abhishek Mitra, N. Siva Prasad, G.D. Janaki Ram, Influence of temperature and time of post-weld heat treatment on stress relief in an 800 mm thick steel weldment, Journal Materials Engineering and Performance, Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance, 25 (4), 2016, 1384-1393. 

68.  N. Krishna Murthy and G.D. Janaki Ram, Hot cracking behavior of carbide-free bainitic weld metals, Materials and Design, 92, 2016, 88-94.

69.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, Friction deposition of titanium particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites, Materials Science and Engineering: A, 653, 2016, 71-83.

70.  Pradip K. Patra, Srimanta Sam, Mrigandra Singhai, Sujoy S. Hazra, G.D. Janaki Ram, Srinivasa Rao Bakshi, Effect of coiling temperature on the microstructure and mechanical properties of hot-rolled Ti–Nb microalloyed ultra high strength steel, Trans. Indian Inst. Met., in press, doi:10.1007/s12666-016-0975-8.

71.  G.M. Karthik, Santhanu Panikar, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, Additive manufacturing of an aluminum matrix composite reinforced with nanocrystalline high-entropy alloy particles, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 679, 2017, 193-203.

72.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, Friction stir alloying, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, 684, 2017, 186-190.

73.  J.J.S. Dilip, G.D. Janaki Ram, T.L. Starr, B. Stucker, Selective laser melting of HY100 steel: Process parameters, microstructure and mechanical properties, Additive Manufacturing, 13, 2017, 49-60.

74.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, Effect of friction stir processing on heat-affected zone liquation cracking resistance of aluminum-copper alloy AA2219, Metall. and Mater. Trans. B, in press, doi:10.1007/s11663-016-0892-6.

75.  G.M. Karthik, P. Mastanaiah, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, Friction buttering: A new technique for dissimilar welding, Metall. and Mater. Trans. B, in press, doi: 10.1007/s11663-017-0934-8.

76.  Ahmad Lutfi Anis, Mahesh Kumar Talari, Izzul Adli Mohd Arif, G. D. Janaki Ram, Microstructure and mechanical properties of Ti-15-3 alloy gas tungsten arc welds prepared using CP-titanium filler, Trans. Indian Inst. Met., in press, doi: 10.1007/s12666-017-1049-2.

77.  Vamsi Krishna Balla, Sangeetha Dey, Adiyen A. Muthuchamy, G.D. Janaki Ram, Mitun Das, Amit Bandyopadhyay, Laser Surface Modification of 316L Stainless Steel, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research: Part B - Applied Biomaterials, accepted for publication (Feb. 2017).

 

Book Sections

 

1.   B.E. Stucker and G.D. Janaki Ram, Layer-Based Additive Manufacturing Processes, in “Materials Processing Handbook,” J.R. Groza et al. (ed.), Taylor & Francis CRC Press, USA, 2007.

 

Trade Articles

 

1.   G.D Janaki Ram and B.E. Stucker, US Government Sponsored R&D, Wohlers Report 2008: Rapid Prototyping, Tooling & Manufacturing State of the Industry, Wohlers Associates Inc., Fort Collins, CO, USA.

2.   G.D Janaki Ram and B.E. Stucker, US Government Sponsored R&D, Wohlers Report 2007: Rapid Prototyping, Tooling & Manufacturing State of the Industry, Wohlers Associates Inc., Fort Collins, CO, USA.

3.   G.D Janaki Ram and B.E. Stucker, US Government Sponsored R&D, Wohlers Report 2006: Rapid Prototyping, Tooling & Manufacturing State of the Industry, Wohlers Associates Inc., Fort Collins, CO, USA.

4.   J.J.S. Dilip, G.D. Janaki Ram and K. Prasad Rao, Failure of a Hydrodesulphuriser Reactor Welded Component, SFA Newsletter, Issue 3, May 2011.

 

Conference Presentations

 

1.      G.D. Janaki Ram and S. Sundaresan, Improvement in tensile ductility of titanium alloy weld fusion zones through microstructural modification, Proc. Conf. International Welding Conference (IWC-99), Feb. 1999, New Delhi, India, p. 704.

2.      G.D. Janaki Ram and S. Sundaresan, Microstructural refinement of weld fusion zones in an Al-Li-Cu alloy, Proc. Conf. Quality Engineering in Space Technologies (QUEST-99), S. Krishnasamy et al. (ed.), Aug. 20-21, 1999, DRDO, Bangalore, India, p. A34.

3.      G.D. Janaki Ram, V. Gopala Krishna, Ch.V.S. Murty, M.S.K. Rao, Y. Balaji, and C. Santhi, Characterisation of a nickel-base superalloy for indigenous aeroengine applications, NMD-ATM 2000, Nov.14-17, 2000, Bhilai, India.

4.      V. Gopala Krishna, Ch.V.S. Murty, G.D. Janaki Ram, and M.S.K. Rao, Development and type certification of superalloy AE437B for MiG series aeroengine applications, Proc. Conf. Advances in Aerospace Technologies (SAAT-2000), S. Panneerselvam et al. (ed.), Jan. 21-22, 2000, Aeronautical Society of India, Hyderabad, India, p. 85.

5.      V. Gopala Krishna, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ch.V.S. Murty, M.S.K. Rao, Y. Balaji, and C. Santhi, Techniques for achieving fine grain size in superalloy SU 718A, Advanced Materials and Processes for New Millennium, Feb. 22-23, 2001, Trivandrum, India.

6.      K. Prasad Rao, G.D. Janaki Ram, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Techniques for improving weld mechanical properties, Emerging Trends in Welding Technology, Oct. 2001, Chennai, India.

7.      G.D. Janaki Ram, V. Gopala Krishna, Ch.V.S. Murty, M.S.K. Rao, and Y. Balaji, Development and type certification of cast nickel-base superalloy ZC6KVI for MiG series aeroengine applications,  Proc. Conf. NMD-ATM 2001, K. Sarveswara Rao et al. (ed.), Nov. 18-21, 2001, Bhubaneswar, India, p. 201.

8.      G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Effect of current pulsing on fusion zone microstructure and high temperature tensile properties of Inconel 718 GTA welds, Proc. Conf. National Symposium of Research Scholars on Metals and Materials (NSRS-IV), Sept. 27-28, 2002, IIT Madras, Chennai, India, p. 6 (awarded best paper).

9.      G.D. Janaki Ram and A.V. Reddy, An overview of aeronautical materials, Advances in Aeronautical Materials, Oct. 2003, RCMA(M), Hyderabad, India.

10.  G.D. Janaki Ram, A. Venugopal Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, and A. Sambasiva Rao,  Effect of post-weld heat treatments on microstructure of Inconel 718 GTA welds, Proc. Conf. International Heat Treat (IHT 2004), Jan. 9-10, 2004, ASM International (Chennai Chapter), Chennai, India, A9, 1-12.

11.  C.V.S. Murthy, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, K. Prasad Rao, A. Sambasiva Rao, G.D. Janaki Ram, and N. Viswanathan, Influence of electron beam oscillation on microstructure and high temperature mechanical properties of Inconel 718 welds, International Welding Symposium on “Productive Welding – The Emerging Scenario” (IWS2k5), Indian Welding Society, Feb. 18-20, 2005, Hyderabad, India, NF01, 1-19 (awarded best paper).

12.  C. Robinson, C. Zhang, G.D. Janaki Ram, E. Siggard, B. Stucker, and L. Li, Experimental and analytical analysis of freestanding ribs built using ultrasonic consolidation, 17th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Aug. 14-16, 2006, University of Texas at Austin, USA.

13.  Y. Yang, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, Process parameters optimization for ultrasonically consolidated fiber-reinforced metal matrix composites, 17th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Aug. 14-16, 2006, University of Texas at Austin, USA.

14.  G.D. Janaki Ram, Y. Yang, J. George, C. Robinson, and B.E. Stucker, Improving linear weld density in ultrasonically consolidated parts, 17th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Aug. 14-16, 2006, University of Texas at Austin, USA.

15.  G.D. Janaki Ram, C. Robinson, and B.E. Stucker, Multi-material ultrasonic consolidation, 17th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Aug. 14-16, 2006, University of Texas at Austin, USA (awarded outstanding research paper).

16.  G.D. Janaki Ram, D.H. Johnson, and B.E. Stucker, Ultrasonic consolidation with aluminum and copper, 3rd International Conference on Advanced Research in Virtual and Rapid Prototyping (VRAP 2007), Sept. 17-22, 2007, Leiria, Portugal.

17.  G.D. Janaki Ram, Y. Yang, and B.E. Stucker, Deposition of Ti/TiC composite coatings on implant structures using laser engineered net shaping, Proc. 18th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Aug. 6-8, 2007, University of Texas at Austin, USA.

18.  G.D. Janaki Ram, Y. Yang, C. Nylander, B. Aydelotte, B.E. Stucker, and B.L. Adams, Interface microstructures and bond formation in ultrasonic consolidation, 18th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Aug. 6-8, 2007, University of Texas at Austin, USA.

19.  B. Aydelotte, B.L. Adams, C. Nylander, S. Ahmadi, B.E. Stucker, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Recovering textures from the elastic-plastic properties closure, International Symposium on Plasticity and its Current Applications, Jan. 3-8, 2008, Kona, Hawaii, USA.

20.  J.O. Obielodan, G.D. Janaki Ram, and B.E. Stucker, An experimental determination of optimum foil joint conditions for structural parts fabricated by ultrasonic consolidation, 19th Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, Aug. 4-6, 2008, University of Texas at Austin, USA.  

21.  H. Khalid Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Optimization of friction welding parameters for high strength AA 7075 aluminum alloy, NMD-ATM 2008, Nov. 2008, New Delhi, India.

22.  H. Khalid Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Studies on friction surfacing of austenitic stainless steel on mild steel, ISRS-2008, Dec. 2008, IIT Madras, Chennai, India.

23.  H. Khalid Rafi, G.D. Janaki Ram, G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Structure-property relationships in friction surfaced stainless steel and tool steel coatings, THERMEC 2009, Aug. 2009, Berlin, Germany.

24.  S. Babu, G.D. Janaki Ram, P.V. Venkitakrishnan, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Friction Stir Spot Welding of Al-Cu Alloy AA2014-T4, International Welding Symposium (IWS 2k10), Indian Welding Society, Feb. 2010, Mumbai, India.

25.  S. Babu and G.D. Janaki Ram, Exploring friction surfacing for rapid manufacturing, International Welding Symposium (IWS 2k10), Indian Welding Society, Feb. 2010, Mumbai, India.

26.  J.J.S. Dilip, G.D. Janaki Ram, K. Prasad Rao, D. Radhakrishanan, and P. Shanmugam, Microstructure and mechanical properties of resistance spot welds in AISI 409 stainless steel, International Welding Symposium (IWS 2k10), Indian Welding Society, Feb. 2010, Mumbai, India.

27.  S.V. Subramanian, G.D Janaki Ram, and S. Sankaran, Bulk ultra-fine-grained aluminum alloys using friction stir processing, International Welding Symposium (IWS 2k10), Indian Welding Society, Feb. 2010, Mumbai, India.

28.  H.K. Rafi, G. D. Janaki Ram , G. Phanikumar, and K. Prasad Rao, Friction surfacing of austenitic stainless steel on low carbon steel: Studies on the effects of traverse speed, Proceedings of the World Congress on Engineering (WCE 2010), Vol. II, June 30 - July 2, 2010, London, UK, 1356-1360.

29.  H.C. Dey, N. Anand, S.K. Albert, A.K. Bhaduri, G.D. Janaki Ram, and K.D. Ramkumar, Understanding the effect of friction welding parameters for joining titanium to 304L stainless steel, International Conference on Materials and Manufacturing Technologies (M&MT 2011), ASM International, Mar. 8-10, 2011, Mumbai, India.

30.  P. Ramesh, E. Nandha Kumar, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Microstructural characterization of friction surfaced austenitic stainless steel AISI 316L coatings, Proceedings of the International Conference of the International Institute of Welding on Global Trends in Joining, Cutting and Surfacing Technology, July 2011, Chennai, India, 111-116.

31.  N. Krishna Murthy, G.D. Janaki Ram, B.S. Murty, G. Madhusudhan Reddy, and T.J.P. Rao, Enhancing ballistic performance of armor steel welds: A novel approach, Proc. of the International Conference of the International Institute of Welding on Global Trends in Joining, Cutting and Surfacing Technology, July 2011, Chennai, India, 322-329.

32.  K. Manohar, J.J.S. Dilip, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Friction stir processing of magnesium alloy ZM21, Proceedings of the International Conference of the International Institute of Welding on Global Trends in Joining, Cutting and Surfacing Technology, July 2011, Chennai, India, 139-146.

33.  J.J.S. Dilip and G.D. Janaki Ram, Microstructures and properties of friction deposited borated stainless steel, 23rd Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (SFF 2012), Aug. 6-8, 2012, University of Texas at Austin, USA.

34.  N. Naveen Kumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, S.S. Bhattacharya, H.C. Dey, and S.K. Albert, Microstructures and mechanical properties of stainless steel/titanium dissimilar welds, ISRS-2012, Dec. 13-15, 2012, IIT Madras, Chennai, India.

35.  R. Gokulnath, G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, “Microstructure and properties of friction surfaced Stellite 6”, 50th National Metallurgists’ Day & 66th Annual Technical Meeting of the Indian Institute of Metals (NMD-ATM 2014), Nov. 16-19, 2012, Tata Steel, Jamshedpur, India.

36.  A. Muthuchamy, G.D. Janaki Ram, and G. Phanikumar, A new process for producing continuous fiber reinforced titanium matrix composites, Advances in Naval Materials (ADNAM 2013), Feb. 22-23, 2013, NIOT, Chennai, India (awarded best poster).

37.  S.R. Koteswara Rao, G.D. Janakiram, and G. Madhusudhan Reddy, Joining of Al-Cu alloy 2219 to Al-Mg alloy 5083 using friction stir welding, Advances in Naval Materials (ADNAM 2013), Feb. 22-23, 2013, NIOT, Chennai, India.

38.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, F. D'Elia, C. Ravindran, K. Prasad Rao, “A New method to produce titanium particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites”, Advances in Naval Materials (ADNAM 2013), Naval Research Board, Feb. 23, 2013, NIOT, Chennai, India.

39.  T.K. Mishra, G.M. Karthik, N. Naveen Kumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, H.C. Dey, Shaju K. Albert, “Use of friction welding for producing stainless steel/titanium pipe joining inserts”, Advances in Welding Science & Technology (ADWEST 2013), Indian Institute of Welding, May 3-4, 2013, Puducherry, India.

40.  G.M. Karthik, J.J.S. Dilip, R. Damodaram, G.D. Janaki Ram, K. Prasad Rao, “Friction surfaced SiCp/Al composite coatings”, Heat Treatment & Surface Engineering Conference & Expo (HT&SE 2013), ASM International, May 16-18, 2013, Chennai, India.

41.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Microstructures and properties of SiCp/Al composite coatings developed using friction surfacing”, 52nd National Metallurgists’ Day & 68th Annual Technical Meeting of the Indian Institute of Metals (NMD-ATM 2014), Nov. 12-15, 2014, College of Engineering, Pune, India.

42.  V.S. Surya Teja, G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, “Improving heat-affected zone liquation cracking resistance of nickel-base superalloys using friction deposition”, National Conference on Thermo-Mechanical Simulation using Gleeble Systems and 4th Gleeble User Workshop India (GUWI 2014), Indian Institute of Metals & Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, July 10-12, 2014, IIT Madras, Chennai, India.

43.  J. Siva Priya, B. Vamsi Krishna, K. Ravi Sankar, and G.D. Janaki Ram, Characterization of laser-deposited CoCrFeNi high entropy alloy coatings, TMS 2014, February 16-20, 2014, San Diego, CA, USA.

44.  P.E. Nandha Kumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, K. Srinivasa Rao, M. Kamaraj, Use of cold metal transfer welding for low-dilution cladding, ISRS 2014, Dec. 11-13, 2014, IIT Madras, Chennai, India (awarded best poster).

45.  N. Naveen Kumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, H.C. Dey, and S.K. Albert, Spark plasma welding of austenitic stainless steel AISI 304L to commercially pure titanium, International Symposium for Research Scholars on Metallurgy, Materials Science and Engineering (ISRS 2014), Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Dec. 11-13, 2014, IIT Madras, Chennai, India (awarded best oral presentation).

46.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Friction deposition of titanium particle reinforced aluminum matrix composites”, International Symposium for Research Scholars on Metallurgy, Materials Science and Engineering (ISRS 2014), Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Dec. 11-13, 2014, IIT Madras, Chennai, India (awarded best oral presentation).

47.  P.E. Nandha Kumar, M.G. Vrushabendra, K. Ravi Sankar, G.D. Janaki Ram, Impression creep behaviour of ASME Grade 92 steel weldments, NMD-ATM 2015, Nov. 13-16, 2015, Coimbatore, India.

48.  S. Babu, S.K. Panigrahi, G.D. Janaki Ram, P.V. Venkitakrishnan, R. Sureshkumar, Friction stir welding of austenitic stainless steel to an aluminium-copper alloy, 144th TMS Annual Meeting & Exhibition (TMS 2015), March 15-19, 2015, USA (published in “Friction Stir Welding and Processing – VIII,” pp 181-188, John Wiley & Sons, USA (ISBN: 978-1-119-08249-1)).

49.  G.M. Karthik, B. Lakshmana Rao, E. Nandha Kumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Effect of friction stir processing on heat-affected zone liquation cracking resistance of aluminum-copper alloy AA2219”, 53rd National Metallurgists’ Day & 69th Annual Technical Meeting of the Indian Institute of Metals (NMD-ATM 2015), Nov. 13-16, 2015, Hotel Le Meridien, Coimbatore, India.

50.  R.S. Panikar, G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Friction deposition of novel metal-metal composite”, 53rd National Metallurgists’ Day & 69th Annual Technical Meeting of the Indian Institute of Metals (NMD-ATM 2015), Nov. 13-16, 2015, Hotel Le Meridien, Coimbatore, India.

51.  S. Shankar, G.N.D.P Praveen, G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, R. Vijay, A.V. Reddy, G. Sundararajan, “Microstructure and mechanical properties of friction welded 9Cr ferritic-martensitic and 18Cr ferritic ODS steels”, 53rd National Metallurgists’ Day & 69th Annual Technical Meeting of the Indian Institute of Metals (NMD-ATM 2015), Nov. 13-16, 2015, Hotel Le Meridien, Coimbatore, India (awarded best poster).

52.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Improving heat-affected zone liquation cracking resistance of magnesium alloy AZ91E by friction stir processing”, 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS 2015), Mar. 15-19, 2015, Orlando, FL, USA.

53.  G.M. Karthik and G.D. Janaki Ram, “Friction welding of aluminum to magnesium: A novel approach”, 144th Annual Meeting & Exhibition of The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS 2015), Mar. 15-19, 2015, Orlando, FL, USA.

54.  N.T.B.N. Koundinya, G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Deformation behavior of friction stir processed magnesium alloy”, 10th International Conference on Magnesium Alloys and Their Applications (Mg 2015), Oct. 11-16, 2015, Jeju, Korea.

55.  R. Sivaraman, G.D. Janaki Ram and M. Kamaraj, Microstructure control during resistance spot welding of a dual phase steel. National Welding Seminar, Jan 22-24, 2015, The Indian Institute of Welding, Jamshedpur, India.

56.     P. Jojibabu, G.D. Janaki Ram, Srinivasa Rao Bakshi, Abhijt P Deshpande, "Hygrothermal Aging effects on the nano-carbon reinforced epoxy adhesive joints", International symposium Polymer science and Technology (Macro 2015), 23-26 January, 2015, Kolkata.

57.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Use of friction deposition for improved heat-affected zone liquation cracking resistance in nickel-base superalloys”, In-House Symposium (IHS 2015), Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Jan. 27-28, 2016, IIT Madras, Chennai, India (awarded best oral presentation).

58.     P. Jojibabu, G.D. Janaki Ram, Srinivasa Rao Bakshi, Abhijt P Deshpande, Effect of carbon nano-filler addition on the durability of epoxy adhesive joints subjected to hygrothermal aging, In-House Symposium (IHS 2015), Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Jan. 27-28, 2016, IIT Madras, Chennai, India (awarded best oral presentation).

59.  G.M. Karthik, G.D. Janaki Ram, Ravi Sankar Kottada, “Friction stir processing as a technique for improving HAZ liquation cracking resistance in magnesium alloys”, International Conference and Expo on Magnesium (IMagCon 2016), Indian Institute of Metals & VIT University, Feb. 4-6, 2016, VIT University, Chennai, India (awarded best oral presentation).

60.  R. Sivaraman, G.V. Sarathkumar, G.D. Janaki Ram, and M. Kamaraj, Joining of dual phase steel DP 600- Benefits of weld bonding. THERMEC’ 2016 – 9 th International Conference on Processing and Manufacturing of Advanced Materials, May 29-June 3, 2016, Graz, Austria.

61.  R. Sivaraman, G.D. Janaki Ram, and M. Kamaraj, Resistance spot welding and weld bonding of dual phase steel DP 600. Proceedings of 9 th International Seminar & Conference on Advances in Resistance Welding, April 13-15, 2016, American Welding Society headquarters, Miami, FL, USA (Full paper: http://awo.aws.org/advances-in-resistance-welding-2016).

62.  Lakshmana Rao Bhagavathi, G.D. Janaki Ram, Srinivasa Rao Bakshi, P. Abhijit Deshpande, A new method to reduce curing time of polyurethane adhesives, International Symposium for Research Scholars on Metallurgy, Materials Science and Engineering (ISRS 2016), Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Dec. 21-23, 2016, IIT Madras, Chennai, India.

63.  Amit A. Kuril, G.D. Janaki Ram, Srinivasa Rao Bakshi, Microstructure and mechanical properties of plasma arc welded dual phase steel DP600, International Symposium for Research Scholars on Metallurgy, Materials Science and Engineering (ISRS 2016), Dept. of Metallurgical & Materials Engineering, Dec. 21-23, 2016, IIT Madras, Chennai, India (awarded best poster).

 

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