Iron and Steel Technology
Iron and steel technology is the field of study that focuses on the production, properties, and applications of iron and steel. It involves the use of raw materials, metallurgy, manufacturing processes, and product development to produce high-quality iron and steel products.
Iron and steel production starts with the mining of iron ore, which is then transported to a steel mill where it is smelted in a blast furnace. The molten iron is then processed to reduce the amount of impurities and adjust the carbon content. This produces pig iron which can be further processed to produce steel.
There are several types of steel, each with its own properties and applications. Carbon steel, for example, is strong and durable and is used in the construction, automotive, and machinery industries. Stainless steel, on the other hand, is resistant to corrosion and is used in the food and medical industries.
Iron and steel technology also involves the use of various heat treatment processes, such as quenching and tempering, to improve the properties of the final product. Surface engineering techniques, such as coating, can also be used to improve the properties of the final product.
Courses in iron and steel technology can be found in the fields of materials science and engineering, metallurgical engineering, and chemical engineering. These programs often include thermodynamics, kinetics, and process control classes, as well as laboratory work to provide hands-on experience with iron and steel production. Graduates of these programs may go on to work in the steel industry, in research and development, or in consulting.