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Recent Publications:

1. Prasenjit Singha and Ajay Kumar Shukla, "Contribution of Hot-Spot Zone in Decarburization of BOF Steel-Making: Fundamental Analysis Based upon the FactSage-Macro Program", Metals, 2022, vol. 12(4),p. 638. Link to the journal website

2. Oleksandr Kovtun,Meirzhan Karbayev,Iurii Korobeinikov,C Srishilan,Ajay Kumar Shukla and Olena Volkova, "Phosphorus Partition Between Liquid Crude Steel and High?Basicity Basic Oxygen Furnace Slags", Steel Research International, 2021. Link to the journal website

3. Oleksandr Kovtun,Iurii Korobeinikov,Srishilan C Ajay Kumar Shukla and Olena Volkova, "Viscosity of BOF Slag", Metals, 2020, vol. 10(7),p. 982. Link to the journal website

4. C Srishilan, Anand Vivek, Ajay Kumar Shukla, "Operating Line Prediction of COREX Iron-making Process Using RIST Diagram", ISIJ International, 2020, vol. 60(4),p. 656-661. Link to the journal website

5. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Brahma Deo and D.G.C. Robertson, "Modeling of scrap dissolution in molten iron for the case of heat transfer controlled process by different approaches and comparison of their accuracies", Journal of Heat Transfer-ASME, 2019 (in press) Link to the journal website

6. C. Srishilan and Ajay Kumar Shukla, "Thermodynamic model of COREX melter gasifier using FactSageTM and macro facility", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2019, vol. 50(1), p. 312-323 . Link to the Journal website

7. Ajay Kumar Shukla, "Themodynamics based modeling of iron and steelmaking processes using flow-sheet based approach employing METSIM", Transactions of the Indian Institute of Metals, 2019, vol. 72 (3), p. 767-775. Link to the Journal website

8. Yuvaraj Ganpati Patil and Ajay Kumar Shukla, "Numerical simulation of effect of process parameters on cooling rate and SDAS in high speed twin roll strip casting of Al-15wt%Cu alloy", Journal of Heat Transfer-ASME, 2019 (in press) Link to the journal website

9. Kali Prasad, C. Srishilan, Ajay Kumar Shukla and Marutiram Kaza, " Thermodynamic assessment and experimental validation of clinker formation from blast furnace slag through lime addition", Ceramic International, 2018, vol.44(16), p. 19434-19441. Link on the Journal website

10. C. Srishilan, Ajay Kumar Shukla, "Static thermochemical model of COREX melter gasifier", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2018, vol. 49(1), p. 388-398. Link on the Journal website

11. Deepjyoti Mukherjee, Ajay K. Shukla, Dieter G. Senk, "Prediction of decarburization process along with hydrogen and nitrogen removal by mathematical modeling of RH degassing process", Ironmaking and Steelmaking: Processes, Products and Applications, 2018, vol. 45(5), p. 412-419. Link on the Journal website

12. Deepjyoti Mukherjee, Ajay K. Shukla, Dieter G. Senk, "Cold Model based investigations to study the effects of  operational and non-operational parameters on RH degassing process", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2017, vol 48(2), p. 763-771.Link on the Journal website

13. Ravindra Dhirhi, Kali Prasad, Ajay Kumar Shukla, Sabita Sarkar, T Renganathan, S. Pushpavanam, Marutiram Kaza, "Experimental Study of Rotating Dry Slag Granulation Unit: Operating Regimes,Particle Size Analysis and Scale Up", Applied Thermal Engineering, 2016, vol. 107, p. 898-106. Link on the Journal website

14. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Brahma Deo and D.G.C. Robertson, "Scrap dissolution in molten iron containing carbon for the case of coupled heat and mass transfer control", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2013, vol. 44(6), p. 1407-1427.  Link on the Journal website

15. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Brahma Deo and D.G.C. Robertson, "Role of air gap in scrap dissolution process", Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2013, vol. 44(6), p. 1398-1406. Link to the Journal website

16. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Dmitry Reybov, Olena Volkova, P.R.Scheller and Brahma Deo, “Cold model investigations of melting of ice in a gas stirred ladle”, Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B, 2011, vol. 42(1), p. 224-235. Link to the Journal website

17. Ajay Kumar Shukla, Brahma Deo, Stuart Millman, Bert Snoeijer, Aart Overbosch and Abha Kapilashrami, “An insight into the mechanism and kinetics of reactions in BOF Steelmaking process: Theory vs. practice”, Steel Research International, 2010, vol. 81(11), p. 940-948. Link to the Journal website

18. A.Mondal, A.K.Shukla, A. Upadhyaya and D.Agrawal, “Effect of porosity and particle size on microwave heating of copper”, Science of Sintering, 2010, vol. 42(2), p. 169-182.

19. A .K. Shukla, A.Mondal,A. Upadhyaya, “Numerical modeling of microwave heating”, Science of Sintering, 2010, vol. 42(1), p. 99-124.

20. A. K. Shukla, B. Deo and K. Deb, “Steel production at optimal cost”, Directions (The Magazine of IIT Kanpur), 2006, vol. 7(2), p. 27-34.


Conference Presentations:

1. “Static and Dynamic Control Model of BOF Steelmaking Process and Its Validation With Steel Plant Data”, presented in AISTech (American Iron and Steel Technology) 2019 conference at Pittsuburgh, USA during 6-9 May 2019. Link

2. “Use of biomass as a partial replacement of fossil fuel in ironmaking process with reduction in CO2 emissions” presented in DST-Sensitization workshop at VNIT Nagpur during 11-12 March 2019.

3. “Modified Rist Operating Diagram of COREX Melter Gasifier”, presented in ASIC (Asia Steel International Conference) 2018 conference at Bhubaneswar during 6-9 February 2018.

4. “Thermodynamic modeling of COREX melter gasifier using FactSage”, presented in STIS (Science and Technology of Iron and Steelmaking) 2017 conference at IIT Kanpur during 11-13 December 2017. Link

5. "Recent Developments in Optimization and Control in BOF Steelmaking”, presented in National Seminar on “Make In Steel for Make In India - Perspectives for Iron and Steel Industry 2017 conference at CGCRI Kolkata during 27-28 April 2017.

6. “Application of computing approach to model steelmaking processes employing FactSage/METSIM”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2016, IIT Kanpur, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

7. “Mathematical and Physical Modeling of RH Degassing Process”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2016, IIT Kanpur, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

8. “Mathematical Model Based Approach to Optimize and Control Iron and Steelmaking Processes”, keynote address delivered at High Temperature Processing Symposium, 2016, Swinburn University, Australia.

9. “Static thermochemical model of COREX process”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2015, Coimbatore, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

10. “Physical modeling based analysis of dry slag granulation process”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2015, Coimbatore, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

11. “Thermodynamic modeling of ferrous/non ferrous extraction processes involving flowsheet based approach using FactSage/METSIM”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2015, Coimbatore, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

12. “Numerical investigation of high speed Vertical Twin Roll Casting process for Al 15%Cu binary alloy”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2015, Coimbatore, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

13. "Expert model of BOF Steelmaking process and its industrial validation”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2015, Coimbatore, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

14. “Development of dynamic control model of RH degassing process and its industrial validation”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2015, Coimbatore, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

15. “Control of hot metal treatment by fundamental as well as Data based modeling approach using Artificial Neural Network (ANN)”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2015, Coimbatore, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

16. "Heat transfer, fluid flow & solidification modeling of Twin Roll Casting Process" presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2014, Pune, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

17.  "Steady State Numerical Model of COREX Melter Gasifier", presented in National Metallurgist day' 2014, Pune, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

18. "Flow Sheet Based Modeling Approach Coupled with Application of Thermodynamics for the Control of Various Iron and Steelmaking Processes" to be presented in 2014 TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San-Diego, USA.

19.  "Lean Operations Strategy to Combat Uncertainties in Temperature at BOF Endpoint, Tapping, Deoxidation, Alloy Addition and Thermal History" to be presented in 2014 TMS Annual Meeting and Exhibition, San-Diego, USA.

20 "Data based modeling approach to control iron and steel making processes" presented in STIC (Science and Technology of Iron and Steelmaking) 2013 conference at NML Jamshdepur during 16-18 December 2013.

21. "Flow Sheet based modeling approach to control iron and steel making supply chain", presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2013, IIT Varanasi, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

22. “Application of Gibbs energy minimization technique to oxygen steelmaking process”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2012, Jamshedpur, organized by Indian Institute of Metals. Link

23. "Models for oxygen steelmaking process: theoretical analysis versus practical trends", presented in International Congress on Science and Technology of Steelmaking, ICS 2012, Dresden, Germany. Link

24. “Contribution of metal droplets in oxygen steelmaking process: Theoretical analysis vs practical investigations” presented in National Metallurgist day’2011, Hyderabad, organised by Indian Institute of Metals.

25. “On-Time thermal tracking of liquid metal temperature in an integrated steel melt shop”, presented in National Metallurgist day’2011, Hyderabad, organised by Indian Institute of Metals.

26. “An insight into the mechanism and kinetics of reactions in BOF steelmaking process: Theory vs. practice”, presented in International Conference on the Advances in Theory of Ironmaking and Steelmaking, ATIS 2009, organized by Indian Institute of Science.

27. “Application of Neural Networks for the prediction of steel temperature in ladle”, presented in National Metallurgist day’ 2009, Kolkata, organized by Indian Institute of Metals.

28. "Production of low phosphorous steels and ensuring direct tap practices for the BOF steelmaking process", presented in International Congress on Science and Technology of Steelmaking, ICS 2008, organized by Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. Link

29. “Production of low phosphorous steel in Basic Oxygen Steelmaking process”, presented in National Symposium for Materials Research Scholars (MR08), 2008, organised by Department of Metallurgical Engineering and Materials Science, IIT Bombay. Link

30. "Mathematical modeling of phosphorous prediction in BOF Steelmaking process : A Fundamental Approach to Produce Low Phosphorous Steels and Ensure Direct Tap Practices", presented in International Conference on Metal and Alloys METALLO'07, organized by IIT Kanpur, India. Link

31. “Coupled heat and mass transfer approach to simulate the scrap dissolution in steelmaking process” , presented in International Symposium for Research Scholars 2006 on Metallurgy, Materials Science & Engineering , organized by IIT Chennai , India. Link

32. “Theoretical and practical aspects of lance skulling and slag foaming in BOF vessels”, presented in AISTech ‘2007. Link

33. “Theoretical Aspects of Scrap Dissolution in Oxygen Steelmaking Converters”, presented in AISTech 2004 Conference. Link

34. “Efficacy of advanced variable selection and regression techniques for analysis of BOF data.”, presented in National Metallurgist day’2004, organised by Indian Institute of Metals.

35. “End Point Control in BOF Steelmaking at Durgapur Steel Plant", presented in National Metallurgist Day’2003,Kolkata,organised by Indian Institute of Metals. Link


36. “Stabilisation of Six Hole Lance in BOF Shop at Durgapur Steel Plant ”, presented in National Metallurgist day’2002,Baroda,organised by Indian Institute of Metals.
(AWARDED FIRST IN FERROUS CATEGORY ) Link